01 Detail of a pavillon in Limousin, France

2 A solar pannel powering an automatic door

3 The Pavillon of Dreams

~ Welcome to the suburbs

In 1969, american designer, engineer and architect Buckminster Fuhler published a book aiming to distribute stocks of energies in an equal way on earth. This optimistic work was due to two recent innovations. First one was satelite pictures, allowing for the first time to see Earth as an object. Second one was personnal computers, by IBM giving acces for designers and conceptors to an unseen power of calculation. 

In the same periode, these computers allowed a more flexible type of maintenance and shoping, resulting in a new kind of personnal delivery of goods. With these new possibilities and the development of personnal cars, commercial areas started to develop outside of cities and soon houses accompanied the movement. Suburbs appeared. 

Nowadays, suburbs are the place where an ever growing part of people are living. The models developed outside of USA. According to american architect Antony Alofsin, a very few part of these houses are constructed by actual architects. Instead, professional called “builders” have take in charge the drawing and the construction of the place people do live in.

As a consequences, some elementary and ancestral principles of architecture such as glass house effects, or natural enlightment are left aside, leaving the building project being driven only by legal and financial criterias from consumers. The building is not related to its specific environments anymore. 

So it belongs to objets to reconnect these houses to their surrounding elements, ressources and phenomenon.